The Scientific Conference on Medicines Regulation in Africa is a biennial event that provides a platform for stakeholders to reflect on the progress in regulatory systems in Africa and map the trajectory moving forward. The inaugural 1st Biennial Scientific Conference was held in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2013 with the theme “Building Partnerships for Sustainable Capacity Development in Medicines Regulation in Africa”. This was followed by the 2nd Biennial Conference which took place in 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia under the theme: “Regulatory Systems Strengthening for Advancing Research, Innovation and Local Pharmaceutical Production in Africa”. Building on the success of the first two Scientific Conferences, in 2017, the theme of the 3rd Biennial Scientific Conference is “Sustaining the Momentum for Regulatory Harmonization in Africa”. The 2017 Scientific Conference will enable participants to contribute towards the future of medicines regulation and harmonisation in Africa. It will also provide a platform for stakeholders to brainstorm on the role of ethical and regulatory approval of clinical trials in bridging the gap between research and development given the existing vacuum in advancing clinical trials that are relevant for diseases affecting African countries.