Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)

Infrastructure is Africa’s top priority. With low levels of intra-regional economic exchange and the smallest share of global trade, Africa is the least integrated continent in the world. Infrastructure inefficiencies are costing Africa billions of dollars annually and are stunting growth. Bridging this gap can only be achieved through regional and continental cooperation and solution finding. The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA), developed by the African Union Commission (AUC), NEPAD Agency, African Development Bank (AfDB), United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and Regional Economic Communities (RECs), promotes regional economic integration by building mutually beneficial infrastructure and strengthening the ability of countries to trade and establish regional value chains for increased competitiveness. The 51 PIDA Priority Action Plan (PAP) programmes and projects are spread across the four sectors of Energy, Transport, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Trans-boundary Water. The programmes and projects are expected to lead to an integrated continent, fuelling international trade, job creation and sustainable economic growth. In order to boost intra-African trade and raise the continent’s competitiveness in the global economy, the programme sets out short-term goals to be achieved by 2020, medium-term goals to be achieved by 2030 and long-term goals by 2040. PIDA is a solution by and for Africans which was endorsed by African Heads of State and Government at their 18th Summit in January 2012 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
An annual investment of USD 93 billion is required for Africa to meet its infrastructure needs – USD 40.92 billion (44 per cent) for energy, USD 21.39 billion (23 per cent) for water and sanitation, USD18.6 billion (20 per cent) for transport, USD 9.3 billion (10 per cent) for ICTs and USD 2.79 billion (3 per cent) for irrigation.


  • Accelerating the implementation of PIDA

In June 2014, the Dakar Financing Summit (DFS) for Africa’s Infrastructure delivered a robust and upbeat declaration - the Dakar Agenda for Action (DAA) - which speaks to how the continent’s public sector will partner together with the private sector and development players, to ensure financing and investment for 16 key PIDA regional infrastructure projects. The Dakar Agenda for Action outlines concrete actions towards financing for Africa’s Infrastructure development. 

  • Providing capacity for project preparation 

There is a set of initiatives that will accelerate the implementation of PIDA. These include the PIDA Capacity Building Programme aimed at enhancing the technical capacity of primarily, the RECs, to enable them to support their Member States, to move the PIDA projects from concept to bankability and financing. The programme is supported through a US $8.6 million grant for a period of three years, funded by the AfDB.

The PIDA Service Delivery Mechanism (SDM) supports an important development niche by providing a pool of resources, dedicated to support early-stage project preparation of PIDA projects, up to the stage where upstream projects are technically feasible and bankable for implementation.

The Infrastructure Skills for Development Programme (IS4D) aims to build human and technical capacity in public sector agencies involved in delivering priority African infrastructure projects.  The IS4D is a partnership between NEPAD and the Government of Australia, in support of PIDA implementation.

  • Funding project preparation 

The Project Preparation Facilities Network (PPFN) serves to address funding shortfalls by encouraging project preparation facilities (PPFs) and other actors, to collaborate through the ‘tunnelling of funds ‘approach to enhance effective preparation of PIDA projects. The PPFN collaborate closely with the AU/NEPAD sponsored PIDA SDM.

  • Financing PIDA Projects 

Africa50  is the financing vehicle established by the African Development Bank, to facilitate large-scale domestic and international mobilisation of financial resources, to finance Africa’s infrastructure. Africa50 is innovative in its design and structure, leveraging infrastructure financing resources from African central bank reserves, pension funds, sovereign wealth funds, the African Diaspora, and high net worth individuals on the continent. 

  • Involving the private sector

A Continental Business Network (CBN) is a platform of private sector stakeholders, to promote financing and investment in PIDA and other infrastructure projects, through best practice and transparent procurement processes. The CBN will advocate for private sector interest, through regular engagement with high level AU/NEPAD political processes. The membership of the CBN will include private financiers, development finance institutions (DFIs), equity providers, pension funds managers, insurance companies, private sector operators.

The Africa Strategic Infrastructure Initiative (ASII), is an initiative of the AU/NEPAD and AfDB with the World Economic forum (WEF), to accelerate implementation of key PIDA programmes/projects, through a ‘replicable process’ based on private sector, project selection, prioritisation and preparation modality.

  • Monitoring and reporting

The Africa Infrastructure Database (AID) has been developed as the central data repository on regional infrastructure project to monitoring of progress of the regional infrastructure projects in all RECs. The projects are at different stages of implementation ranging from project identification to project implementation. AID offers a web-based information management tool where RECs can regularly enter and update information on their regional priority infrastructure projects. The Virtual PIDA Information Centre (VPIC) is a subset of AID and provides easy access to accurate and up-to-date information on the implementation status of the 51 PIDA PAP programmes/projects. Users can search for projects by name, country or REC.



A service delivery mechanism was set up, aimed at purchasing capacity and hence complementing other project preparation facilities. An initial amount of USD500 000 was invested by the NEPAD Agency to set up the delivery mechanism. 

Under the African Strategic Infrastructure Initiative, a pilot for a specific methodology to package projects in preparation for project acceleration, using private sector perspectives, was undertaken in the Central Corridor. The pilot is expected to enhance investor confidence; increase marketing and visibility of the corridor potential and its projects; improve public sector understanding of private finance requirements; enhance capacities of implementing agencies; and strengthen public-private relationships. 

The Africa50 Fund was established to finance the implementation of PIDA and other regional infrastructure projects. To date, 20 countries and AfDB have subscribed to an initial aggregate amount of USD830 million in share capital for use in developing and financing projects. Relatedly, ongoing progress in project development and finance has been recorded by various PIDA partners and stakeholders such as the Development Bank of Southern Africa, AfDB and the Infrastructure Consortium of Africa. The PIDA Capacity Building Project was established to provide technical assistance to the AUC, the NEPAD Agency and the eight AUrecognised RECs to undertake pre-investment work as part of accelerating project preparation. This will fast-track the translation of PIDA priority action plans to bankability stage in preparation for financing and implementation. 

The establishment of the Continental Business Network (CBN) was one of the outcomes of the Dakar Financing Summit on Africa’s Infrastructure Development, hosted by Senegal’s President, His Excellency Macky Sall. The CBN acts as an exclusive infrastructure investment advisory platform for African leaders, providing thought-leadership and engagement on a range of strategic issues like policy, investment risk rating(s), and project structuring, and is also geared at addressing existing constraints to the implementation of PIDA projects. 

The Africa Power Vision – a long-term plan for increasing access to reliable and affordable energy by using Africa’s diversified energy resources in a coherent and well-balanced manner – was launched. The vision aims to drive and rapidly accelerate the implementation of critical energy projects in Africa under PIDA. Under the strategic leadership of His Excellency, President Paul Kagame of Rwanda, and within the framework of the Presidential Infrastructure Champion Initiative (PICI), the regional optic fibre project, connecting all five capital cities of the EAC Member States, was completed. 

The first PIDA Week was held in Abidjan, highlighting Africa’s collective push towards developing large-scale infrastructure projects, thereby opening opportunities for large, competitive markets, and in turn promoting regional integration. PIDA Week will become a key annual event on Africa’s development calendar.


Sector : Energy

Description : Hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 145 MW to share power among Rwanda, Burundi and DRC promoted by CEPGL

Countries :  Rwanda/DRC


Economic sustainability and expected benefits : Besides addressing the shortages in electricity generation in the sub-region and substituting for high-cost gas/oil based power generation...

Sector : Energy

Description :  4,200 MW capacity run of river hydropower station on the Congo river with eight turbines

Countries :  DRC Congo River


Expected Results : The project will deliver low-cost electricity in the central and Southern African regions at USD3 ct/kWh. This low-cost power will lead to increased regionalenergy trade and improved...

Sector : Energy

Description : Hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 145 MW to share power among Rwanda, Burundi and DRC promoted by CEPGL

Countries : Rwanda/DRC


Economic sustainability and expected benefits : Besides addressing the shortages in electricity generation in the sub-region and substituting for high-cost gas/oil based power generation; the...

Sector : Water

Description : Regulation dam to improve navigability of Obangui River with added hydropower component

Countries : Congo


Expected Results : The aim is to produce low-flow support for inland navigation between Bangui, Kinshasa and Brazzaville, and to produce energy for CAR and the DRC.

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme would provide infrastructure to improve the regional transportation and
trade systems through the construction of a fixed crossing linking Kinshasa and Brazzaville, ensuring continuity in railway traffic from Matadi and Pointe-Noire to the eastern border of the DRC and, beyond that towards the eastern and southern parts of Africa

Countries : Congo/DRC


Sector : Transport

Description : This multimodal programme would resuscitate he river transport in the Congo-Ubangi River Basin and modernize road transport along the corridor

Countries : Congo/DRC/Central African Republic

Expected Results :
The project will re-establish the role of river transport as a low-cost transport mode, and will combine this...

Sector : Water

Description : Hydropower station in Guinea with irrigation water supply for Mali and regulation of the Niger river (nine countries)

Countries : Niger River Basin


Expected results : The aim of the project is to increase the low-flow of the Niger River in Guinea and Mali, to develop the agricultural sector, and to produce hydropower.

Sector : Energy

Description : Hydroelectric power plant with a capacity of 1,500 MW for export on the SAPP market

Countries :  Mozambique, Zambezi basin


Expected Results : The hydropower plant will allow for the exportation of low-cost electricity to the SAPP market, improving energy security in the SADC region. The plant will also create direct...

Sector : Transport

Description : Enhance interstate and regional connectivity, through upgrading a priority road section along a critical national and international corridor. The proposed project contributes to the overarching goal of integrating South Sudan to the regional markets and supporting the newly independent African State to function as a nation.

Countries : South Sudan

RECs :...

Sector : Transport

Description : This project is expected to improve connectivity and intra-African trade between Dakar
(Senegal) and Bamako (Mali), and other countries, promote regional integration, and helped to engender new economic spin-offs/opportunities through rail spurs.

Countries : Senegal, Mali


Status : Engineering consultants STUDI completed the...

Sector : Energy

Description : 8,000 km line from Egypt through Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe to South Africa

Countries :  Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa


Expected Results : The corridor will provide the infrastructure for...

Sector : Transport

Description : To increase cargo throughput; handle larger vessels in the container, liquid and dry bulk trades; improve interfaces across transport modes; improve linkage services with rail services

Countries : Tanzania


Economic sustainability and expected benefits : Tanzania and regional countries could earn as much as USD2.6 billion per...

Sector : Transport

Description : Improvement of the traffic capacity of Greater Kampala; this road corridor is a vital link connecting Juba, South Sudan with Kampala, Uganda. Given its design configuration as a dual carriageway of 2 to 4 lanes in each direction, this project could potentially be procured through PPP.

Countries : Uganda


Sector : Transport

Description : This programme aims at responding to the Eastern Africa challenge in developing sufficient port capacity to handle future demand from both domestic sources and landlocked countries. The priority action will be to develop the Lamu gateway

Countries :  Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi


Expected Results : The...

Sector : Energy

Description : Hydropower programme for power supply to Lesotho and power export to South Africa

Countries :  Lesotho, Orange-Senqu River Basin


Expected Results : Both countries involved in this project will benefit – South Africa is ensuring water security for its highly-populated Gauteng Province, while Lesotho will enjoy significant...

Sector : Energy

Sub-sector : Transmission

Description : Promoting power interconnection across the continent and facilitating the creation of a Pan African power market.

• Promote and stimulate development of new power generation projects and electricity export potential.

• Improve quality of power to Northern Zambia (via Kasama) and Western Tanzania (Sumbawanga).

• Reinforce the national grid in...

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme aims at responding to the Eastern Africa challenge in developing sufficient port capacity to handle future demand from both domestic sources and landlocked countries. The priority action will be to develop the Lamu gateway

Countries :  Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi


Expected Results : The...

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme is designed to modernize the highest priority multimodal ARTIN corridor on modern standards (climbing lanes and urban bypasses) in East Africa. This programme aims to facilitate travel by people and goods across the borders between Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and DRC with a spur to South Sudan

Countries :  Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, DRC, South Sudan


Sector : Energy

Description : 300 km long pipeline for a lower cost mode of transport of petroleum products

Countries :  Uganda, Kenya


Expected Results : Oil products will be transported over a distance of more than 1 100 kilometres between Uganda and Kenya, which will enhance the supply of such products to western Kenya and neighbouring countries...

Sector : ICT

Description : Provide redundancy and reduce landed prices of internet capacity. Additional capacity (Secondary).

Countries : Zambia, Malawi


Project status : Planned construction commencement year is 2015. Expected construction duration is 0.75 years. Issue of operations and maintenance funding: resolved. Technical studies: Partially completed....

Sector : Transport

Description : Contribute to the reduction of the cost of road transport along the North-South and Dar es Salaam Corridors and reduce accident losses for the transport of passengers and goods

Countries : Zambia


Economic sustainability and expected benefits : Improve the competitiveness of business in the 8 countries served by this...

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme would resuscitate the rail system in a high priority multimodal ARTIN corridor in Eastern Africa and increase the flow of goods across the border between Djibouti and Ethiopia. It would also design and implement a smart corridor system for both road and rail transport

Countries :  Djibouti, Ethiopia



Sector : Energy

Sub-sector : Transmission

Description : Develop a 5,250 MW plant to supply domestic market and export electricity on EAPP market

Countries :  Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt


Project Location : It is in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia, about 40 km east of the border with Sudan.


Sector : Transport

Description : Rehabilitation/reconstruction of railway and road links, including one-stop border posts along the corridors. Improvement of capacity at the ports, including capital dredging at Beira Port. Natural resources development, including Moatize Coal Field in the Zambezi Valley will use the ports as main export gateways

Countries :  Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe

RECs :...

Sector : Transport

Description :  This programme is designed to modernize the highest priority multimodal ARTIN corridor in Southern Africa on modern standards and facilitate travel of people and goods across the borders between South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and DRC

Countries :  South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and DRC



Sector : Energy

Description : Hydroelectric plant with a capacity of 1,600 MW to enable export of electricity

Countries :  Zambia/Zimbabwe, Zambezi basin


Results (2013-2015)

• Potential Contract type: Build, Operate, Transfer or PPP structure where both government and private are involved from the start - SPV.

• Planned...

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme aims at increasing the air transport service levels in West Africa, which are currently limited by the lack of a regional air hub

Countries :  15 countries


Expected Results : Air transport service levels will improve due to the increased capacity. This will lead to increased regional trade and cost...

Sector : Water
Description : Multipurpose dam located in Guinea : regulation of the Senegal river (four countries)

Countries : Senegal, Guinea


Expected Results : This multi-purpose dam will ensure the regulation of the Senegal River, which will aid regional integration.

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme would improve marine transport and the connection between island and mainland countries by creating a new maritime service between regional ports and facilitating this with a modern information system that links the maritime service with ports and road corridor in the Dakar-Abidjan Corridor. This programme would also modernize one of the most heavily travelled ARTIN corridor in West Africa (trade...

Sector : Energy

Description : 2,000 km line along the coast connecting with the existing Ghana– Nigeria line with a capacity of 1,000 MW

Countries :  Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana


Expected Results : The corridor will aid in the establishment of an integrated West African power market and will ensure lower...

Sector : Energy

Description : Supply of sustainable electricity to the three countries. Control of the water level in the river basin.Promotion of peace and stability in the region.

Countries : Gambia, Guinea Conakry, Guinea Bissau and Senega


Status : Detailed design study completed in 2008 and cost updated in April 2013.
Following 2 detailed...

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme aims at responding to the future capacity problems in Central African ports. This programme has two components : (a) a regional hub port and rail linkage master plan and (b) port expansion

Countries : Cameroon/Chad/ Central African Republic/Congo/DRC/ Gabon/Burundi, PMAWCA

Expected Result :
The master plan...

Sector : Water

Description : Multipurpose dam with hydropower generation (for Burkina Faso and Ghana) component

Countries : Burkina Faso and Ghana, Volta River Basin

Expected Results : The Noumbiel Dam will provide Burkina Faso and Ghana with additional hydropower and irrigation capacity, leading to cost savings and better regional integration.

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme would modernise and rehabilitate the multimodal corridor that suffered during civil war in Côte d’Ivoire

Countries :  Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Mali


Project Status :

• Some sections of this programme are already being implemented under national

• Corridor management...

Sector : Energy

Description : 8,000 km line from Egypt through Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe to South Africa

Countries : Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa


Sector : Water
Description : Prefeasibility studies for improved use of the aquifer system

Countries : Lullemeden and Taoudeni/Tanezrouft Aquifer System


Expected Results : The studies will lead to the improved use of the aquifer system.

Sector : Transport

Description : This programme is designed to improve travel for people and goods across the Maghreb countries, which have had their trade and travel limited by artificial barriers between countries at the borders. This programme would design and implement a smart corridor system along the highway and install one-stop border posts

Countries : Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and Libya


Sector : Energy

Description : 4,100 km gas pipeline from Warri to Hassi R’Mel in Algeria
Countries :  Nigeria, Niger, Algeria


Results (2013 – 2015) :

Feasibility studies concluded and accepted by sponsors in September 2006 with the
internal rate of return ranging between 15.5 and 25%. Inter-governmental agreement

Sector : Energy

Description : 2,700 km line from Morocco to Egypt through Algeria, Tunisia and Libya

Countries :  Morocco, Algeria,Tunisia, Libya, Egypt


Results (2013-2015) :

• Some interconnection sections for this line already exist within a limited commercial

Energy demand is constantly on the increase, be it electricity or gas for household use or petroleum/diesel products for transport and manufacturing. Power demand is estimated to increase by more than 3 100 terawatt hours by 2040, an average annual growth of nearly 6 per cent. Present power generation capacity only stands at around 124 gigawatts and will have to increase to almost 700 gigawatts by 2040 if demand is to be met. 

Fortunately, Africa has abundant energy resources in...

Africa’s extensive population growth projections mean that by 2040, transport volumes will increase 6-8 times (even up to 14 times in some countries), while port throughput (?) will rise to more than 2 billion tons. 

The vision for the transport sector is an integrated African continent where transport infrastructure and services enable the free movement of goods and passengers through the provision of efficient, safe, secure, reliable and seamless transport options at...

With the lowest water storage capacity and irrigated agricultural land in the world, it is little wonder that about half of the African continent faces some degree of water stress or scarcity. Adding to this taxing situation is the fact that Africa’s water requirements are set to increase significantly by 2040, with agricultural irrigation being by far the largest consumer. In some water basins, demand will soon outstrip available resources if no improvements are made.

The vision for...

As the continent catches up with broadband infrastructure, ICT demand will grow by a factor of 20 before 2020. In order to meet these growing demands, effective ICT infrastructure will help to connect Africa to the global economy. The PIDA ICT Programme aims to build a continent with a modern information society and an integrated e-economy in which every government, business and citizen has access to reliable and affordable broadband – an e-Africa.

With rising demand for better and...

The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is a good example of a framework that has inspired and energised African agricultural research institutions, farmers’ associations, African governments and the private sector who believe that agriculture has a pivotal role in...

Action Plans

PIDA forms the basis for the Dakar Financing Summit for Africa's Infrastructure, which focuses on collaborative public-private solutions to accelerate project implementation.  The Summit provides a unique high-level platform to convene African leaders, businesspersons, financiers,...




We, the African Ministers responsible for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and/or...

Meeting Documents

The contents of this document were presented at the ICA Oversight Committee Meeting on 16 November 16 2015, detailing the role of the African Development Bank (AfDB) in advancing PIDA.  The document addresses AfDB’s mandate, overall institutional response and its support to projects. An...

Policy Report

This report provides transport demand estimations for the short, medium and long term, at continental and regional level. The report identifies the existing infrastructure status, efficiency and gaps in the road, rail, river and air transport systems; which form the foundation for planned...

The PIDA Priority Action Plan (PAP) presents the 10 year strategy (2012 – 2020) of projects and programmes aimed at promoting regional integration across the four target sectors (energy, transport, water and ICT)  as identified by PIDA. The objective of the Implementation Progress Report is...

The Africa Energy sector Phase 3 report presents the results for the Energy sector in the PIDA Study.  The main objective of the study is to investigate opportunities and areas where an integrated continental energy market can be created. Covered in the report are the power, domestic gas,...

Against the backdrop of the effects of climate change on the envisaged development targets in the agricultural, industrial, food security, energy security and health sectors; promoting regional cooperation and sustainable management of shared water resources is critical for the African continent...

The Africa Infrastructure report summarises the results of the Study of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA). Outcome of the results would enable PIDA stakeholders to be in agreement with regards to infrastructure development at both regional and continental level....

The Africa ICT Sector Outlook – 2030 provides an analysis of the current ICT environment on the African continent. Following an introduction explaining the importance of Africa to accelerate its migration to an e-economy, the report provides an ICT demand forecast for the continent. From a...

The Outlook Report presents the findings of the first phase of the Study of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA). Covered in the study are the four infrastructure services, whose outcome will enable African stakeholders to effectively facilitate the enhancement of...

A well-functioning information and communication technology sector has been recognised as a critical requirement for economic growth, hence emphasising the need to afford every country in Africa with access to this important resource, ensuring African countries are connected to each other and to...

The purpose of the PIDA transport sector outlook is to develop a strategic implementation plan for the transport sector in the short, medium and long term, which will result in an efficient transport network on the continent. The outlook is based on a study of 40 key transport corridors, 19...

This report focuses on the participation of Africa’s seven new and emerging partners (NEPs) in Africa’s infrastructural development – Brazil, China, India, Korea, Malaysia, Russia and Turkey (hereafter the NEP7 economies).

The lead implementing PIDA agency, the NEPAD Agency, with support from the AUC, AfDB, partners and stakeholders, continues to interact with the private sector. At the same time, it has provided technical support and capacity building to RECs to support PIDA implementation, while providing core...

23 August 2017
Zambia, Tanzania and Kenya are fast-tracking the ZTK power generation transmission project with technical support from the NEPAD Agency and other institutions.
18 August 2017
The Inga 3 project and its hydroelectric plant at Inga Falls on the mighty Congo River will, for the first time in Africa, generate electricity of more than 10 000 MW.
13 June 2017
As we talk about infrastructure development and sustainable cities, we should always take into account our youth and women.
06 February 2017
Minister of Military Production Mohamed Al-Assar witnessed the signing of a cooperation protocol between the National Organisation for Military Production, the Belarusian company MAZ, and El Dawlia...
01 February 2017
Muldersdrift – The NEPAD Agency has signed an Aide Memoire with the Central Corridor Transit Transport Facilitation Agency (CCTTFA). The signing ceremony took place on the margins of the NEPAD...
  • 17 Feb 2015

    Formerly know as Developing Active Pharamceutical Ingredients, this conference tailored for the Asian process chemistry community has been developed from the popular and  influential international conference on "Organic Process Research and Development".

    This conference will feature...



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