African Science Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII)

Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) indicators are critical in monitoring Africa's scientific and technological development. These indicators are useful for formulating, adjusting and implementing technology and innovation policies and strategies. Indicators can also be used to monitor global technological trends, conduct foresight exercises, and determine specific areas of investment.

At the first African Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology (AMCOST), countries committed themselves to developing and adopting a common set of indicators. One of its key outcomes was the adoption of NEPAD's African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) in 2005 to contribute towards a better quality of STI policies at the national, regional and continental levels. The objective of ASTII is to support and strengthen the capacity of Africans to develop and use STI Indicators in development planning and policy.

More specifically ASTII aims to:

  • Develop and promote the adoption of internationally compatible STI indicators;

  • Build human and institutional...

DID YOU KNOW?
ASTII encourages participating countries to adopt policies that support the allocation of 1 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to Research and Development in line with the Cairo Declaration of AMCOST. However, research findings led by ASTI reveal that R&D intensity in most of African countries is still far below the 1 per cent which is the current target for AU member countries.

At the first African Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology (AMCOST), countries committed themselves to developing and adopting a common set of indicators. One of its key outcomes was the adoption of NEPAD's African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) in 2005 to contribute towards a better quality of STI policies at the national, regional and continental levels. The objective of ASTII is to support and strengthen the capacity of Africans to develop and use STI Indicators in development planning and policy.

More specifically ASTII aims to:

  • Develop and promote the adoption of internationally compatible STI indicators;

  • Build human and institutional capacities for STI indicators and related surveys; 

  • Enable African countries to participate in international programmes for STI indicators; and

  • Inform African countries on the state of STI in Africa.

Results:

ASTI has captured comprehensive information on STI in 40 African Member States, and many more countries have expressed interest to join ASTII. This has resulted in building the capacity of AU Member States to collect, analyse and publish data and information on research and development (R&D) and Innovation.

ASTI also developed two important Innovation Outlooks (2010 and 2014) measuring the progress made by African countries in developing product, marketing, process and services innovations.

The Programme has supported the establishment of the African Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation (AOSTI) in Equatorial Guinea. This body was created to be the continental repository for STI data and statistics as well as a centre for related policy analysis. Through the observatory, Africa is expected to better coordinate and consolidate its efforts to gather empirical evidence to support STI policy making for socio-economic development.

Country implementation support

The aim of  in-country and regional training workshop on ASTII is to impart skills in the conduct of R&D and Innovation surveys among officials dealing with scientific research and innovation activities and those  who are actively involved in STI matters. The same applies to the National Agency or Institute responsible for Statistics as custodians of all national data. 

The workshop provide training on the production of core Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Indicators, as part of the process leading to the publication on a regular basis of the national reports on STI statistics/indicators to among others track the 1% target of R&D expenditure as percentage of GDP and to feed into the African Innovation Outlook (AIO) reports produced by the NEPAD Agency and the African Union Commission.  

Specifically, the ASTII in-country training modules will cover the following aspects: 

  • R&D and Innovation: Concept & Definitions;
  • Methodologies  and frameworks for the measurement of Research and Experimental Development (R&D)  and Innovation (FRASCATI and OSLO  manuals);
  • Understanding of R&D and Innovation definitions and concepts in relation to STI Indicators; 
  • R&D and Innovation Survey instruments: Standard Questionnaires;
  • Processing R&D and innovation survey data and analysis and dissemination. 

As stated in Africa’s Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action (CPA), the overall goal of ASTII is to contribute to improving the quality of STI policies at national, regional and continental levels by strengthening Africa’s capacity to develop and use STI indicators. The Republic of Namibia will need evidence to monitor and evaluate its STI policy and strategies.

During the workshop, participants will explore current best practices on the production of internationally comparable STI data but also share lessons learnt from previous STI surveys carried out at the national level. The process will help national STI experts in the process of collecting and analyzing data towards the production of core indicators at national level but also to contribute data to the African Innovation Outlook report. 

 

Newsletters

This newsletter highlights some of the African Science Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) Initiative’s activities between January and December 2013. Amongst the eight highlights reported in the newsletter, is the Expert Group Meeting to Review the Draft African Innovation Outlook...

Policy Briefs

Policy Report

This report was prepared by National Centre for Technology Management (NACETEM), an agency of the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology mandated with the responsibility of policy research in science, technology and innovation in Nigeria. Contained in the report is the...

This report presents the results of the R&D and innovation surveys and bibliometric studies as well as information
on the status of STI policies and/or strategies of each country.

The second phase of the ASTII initiative covers the period 1 July 2010 to 31 December 2013. Some major outputs reported for phase 2 include, development of human and institutional capacity; ASTII data being credited as part of national statistics; building partnerships with...

Publications

Industrialization, Science, Technology and Innovation (ISTI) is one of the four (4) investment programmes
of the NEPAD Agency addressing new and emerging development trends in Africa, guided by the African
Union (AU) mandate. The programme has a footprint across the African continent...

14 April 2016
The idea that Africa’s development depends critically on science, technology and innovation is embodied in the African Union’s Agenda 2063.
12 April 2016
The Intellectual Property & Science business of Thomson Reuters today announced a strategic partnership with The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) to spearhead the development...
18 September 2015
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation H.E. Datuk Dr Abu Bakar Mohamad Diah, senior government officials from Malaysia and New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Agency...
Contact:

Email: MananaM@nepad.org

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